Organizer: Luis M. Rocha1,2,3
Special session @ Ciência 2016: Encontro com a Ciência e Tecnologia em Portugal, 4 a 6 de Julho, Centro de Congressos de Lisboa, Portugal
Understanding complex networked systems is key to solving some of the most vexing problems confronting humankind, from discovering how thoughts and behaviors arise from dynamic brain connections, to detecting and preventing the spread of misinformation, stigma, or unhealthy behaviors across a population. Indeed, modeling network interactions among variables operating at multiple scales is an essential capability for effective interventions in complex systems−for instance, discovering the key variables that affect human well-being which interact at multiple levels from genes to social dynamics.
The field of complex networks & systems (CNS) is interdisciplinary by its very reason of existing: finding general principles of organization in the natural and social sciences. Furthermore, it is closely correlated with computer and data science, since its methods hinge on massive combinatorial searches and inference from big data. This has been particularly true with the recent availability of large amounts of data about human behavior at different scales of organization, ranging from the molecular to the collective behavior of the brain and society. All this data and multilevel interconnectivity, offers an exciting opportunity to root complexity and network science in empirical research, and, conversely, to lead the natural and social sciences to jointly explore uncharted analytical and computational territory to address many of the grand challenges facing humanity.
Traditional disciplines are defined by specific discernable levels of human experience in nature and society, as in Psychology, Sociology, Political Science, Economics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, etc. In contrast, the disciplines of CNS are orthogonal to such traditional disciplines. Machine Learning is applicable to data from biochemical regulation and consumer behavior alike, for instance, and Dynamical Systems Theory is applicable to chemical reaction systems and equilibrium models in stock market prediction. Certainly the same is true of Network Science. The availability of big data and computers, together with the success of CNS, in effect established a two-dimensional science, whereby traditional disciplines focus on experimental and observational methods to deal with their specific subject matter, and the disciplines of CNS work to establish the generality of their own methods to any type of data, orthogonally to the traditional disciplines. This state of affairs has been important to deepen our knowledge of both the traditional, natural objects of study and the general methodologies enabled by data and computing. However, in practice, neither parallel disciplines nor general-purpose methods are sufficient to achieve interdisciplinarity. Thus, many challenges remain in bringing the methods developed in this field to be useful for science at large:
In this workshop we will discuss both new exciting opportunities for interdisciplinary research that use CNS methods, as well as discuss how to improve the prospects of training, funding and collaboration necessary for us to solve the most important problems facing humanity.
15:30 – 15: 45 – Welcome and Introduction – Luis M. Rocha (Indiana University and Instituto Gulbekian de Ciencia)
15:45 – 16:00 – Luis Bento dos Santos (Banco Santander Totta)
16:00 – 16:15 – Joana Sá (Instituto Gulbenkian)
16:15 – 16:30 – Gonzalo G. de Polavieja (Fundação Champalimaud)
16:30 – 16:45 – José Mendes (Universidade de Aveiro)
16:45 – 17: 00 – Discussion
Keywords: interdisciplinarity, complex systems, complex networks, data science, policy, science